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The result of their presence is an increased presence of carbon, nitrogen and nutrients in the soil as well as improved water retention. Root culture, fungi and bacteria would form, creating living soil. This leads to a threshold moment, when the conditions for succession phase 2 are realised. This is when Bio co-op 1 moves on and Bio co-op 2 takes over.

The aim of Bio co-op 2 is the development of a functioning circular culture and related infrastructure that includes food systems and energy cycles. Importantly, this phase minimally takes several years to develop. This means vested power structures will emerge with related political tendencies. Part of the functioning of Bio co-op 2 is the application of blockchain systems to help govern commons. This would protect them from degrading exploitation.

Longer time-scales become relevant as entities that live longer than humans begin to take the stage. This introduces wholly different conditions. Trees, with their long-term perspectives and related long-term politics will bring interests to the foreground that are rather foreign to current humans. The group found that imagining these conditions is important, but, for lack of lived cultural experience, at this moment rather speculative. The famous seventh generation principle from the Constitution of the Iroquois Nations does provide a guiding principle, but has not been workably translated to alliances that also include technological non-humans.

Bio co-op 3 would have to develop a different kind of intelligence (or thalience) mediating between interests on different time scales, of different involved agents. (Machine learning) technologies may play a role here, to maintain long term developments. Including the possibilities of technologies that can establish communication paths that cannot exist in organic nature alone, would vastly increase the scope of possibilities.

Bio co-op 3 runs the risk of growing into an end state in which flexibility is lost, and ultimately cultural and organic diversity is reduced again. This would counter the first principles that were formulated by this group. Therefore the important function of the ecologic disturber was articulated as well. Disturbers would destabilise the functioning of a Bio co-op 3 settlement, opening space for species or entities to move into different roles.

Participants

Sander Turnhout, Sanne Bloemink, Michelle Geraerts, Josh Wodak, Daniël Steginga, Bianca Slieker, Ricardo Cano Matteo, Anne van Leeuwen, Martina Huynh, Daniela de Paulis, Thieme Hennis, Fabian van der Sluijs, Jarl Schulp, Yin Aiwen, Theun Karelse, Sjef van Gaalen, Malou den Dekker, Klaas Kuitenbrouwer

Marina Otero Verzier
Klaas Kuitenbrouwer, Katia Truijen, Marten Kuijpers, Anastasia Kubrak
k.truijen@hetnieuweinstituut.nl
Alex Walker